Tuesday, October 2, 2012

Sabah, The Land Below Wind.

   Sabah, known as "the Land Below the Wind" because geographically it is situated below the typhoon and monsoon belt, has a uniquely diverse population consisting of 32 ethnic communities, and boasts some of the world's greatest wildlife treasures. In Sabah you find the highest mountain in South East Asia, Mount Kinabalu, located in the Kinabalu National Park, Malaysia's first World Heritage Site. And Sipadan and Layang-Layang Islands are amongst the top 10 diving spots on earth! Sabah's wide variety of attractions, its stunning beauty, year-round pleasant climate and friendly people make of it truly "Borneo's Paradise".

History of Sabah.

         Sabah or North Borneo (the name of Sabah before joining Malaysia Federation on 1963). Sabah is one of 13 member states of Malaysia, and is its easternmost state. It is located on the northern portion of the island of Borneo. It is the second largest state in the country after Sarawak, In mid-18th century, Europeans began making an appearance and soon after that British opened a trading post on Pulau Balambangan off the northern tip of Sabah.

North Borneo became a protectorate of Great Britain in 1888 but administration and control over the colony remained in the hands of the Company ruled until 1942 when the Japanese invaded. There were of course resistance to the company's rule, including by Mat Salleh in the late 1890s and the Muruts in the early 1900s.

The Japanese occupation between 1942 and 1945 was brutal and this was when the infamous Death Marches by British and Allied soldiers forced by the Japanese took place. British Military Administration took over when the Japanese surrendered and in 1946, North Borneo became a British Crown Colony. Jesselton (now Kota Kinabalu), which suffered Allied bombing, was rebuilt and chosen to replace Sandakan as the capital.
On September 16, 1963, North Borneo together with Malaya, Sarawak and Singapore formed the Federation of Malaysia and from then on it became known as Sabah.

Sabah population and the ethnics in Sabah.

The population of Sabah was 2,449,389 in 2000 and was the third most populous state in Malaysia after Selangor and Johor. It is estimated that Sabah's population has exceeded that of Johor with an estimated population of 3,400,000 in 2007. Sabah indeed has one of the highest population growth rates in the country.
  • Kadazan-Dusun: 17.82% (555,647)
  • Bajau: 14% (436,672)
  • Malay: 5.71% (178,029)
  • Murut: 3.22% (100,631)
  • Other: 20.56% (640,964) – which consists of Rungus, Iranun, Bisaya, Tatana, Lun Dayeh, Tindal, Tobilung, Kimaragang, Suluk, Ubian, Tagal, Timogun, Nabay, Kedayan, Orang Sungai, Makiang, Minokok, Mangka’ak, Lobu, Bonggi, Tidong, Bugis, Ida’an (Idahan), Begahak, Kagayan, Talantang, Tinagas, Banjar, Gana, Kuijau, Tombonuo, Dumpas, Peluan, Baukan, Sino, Jawa
  • Chinese (majority Hakka): 9.11% (284,049)
  • Other non-bumiputra: 1.5% (47,052)
  • Non-Malaysian citizens (Filipino, Indonesian): 27.81% (867,190)
Source: Wikipedia

 What Language does Sabahan used in their daily life?

Malay language is the national language spoken across ethnicities, although Sabahan creole dialect called Baku is different from West Malaysian dialect of Johor-Riau. Sabah also has its own slang for many words in Malay, mostly originated from indigenous or Indonesian words. In addition, indigenous languages such as Kadazan, Dusun, Bajau and Murut have their own segments on state radio broadcast as well as English.

Facts about Sabah.
  1. ·At the height of 4,095 metres, Mount Kinabalu is the highest mountain in South East Asia .
  2. ·Kinabalu National Park was inscribed as a World Heritage Site in 2000 because of its richness in plant diversity combined with its unique geological, topographical, and climatic conditions.
  3. ·The jungles of Sabah are classified as rainforests and host a diverse array of plant and animal species.
  4. ·It is the second longest river in Malaysia after Rajang River at a length of 560 kilometres.
  5. ·Sabah's nickname is "Land beneath the Wind" due to its location, which is just below the typhoon and monsoon belt of South East Asia. This means that most of the time Sabah is spared from the damaged by typhoon.
  6. ·Sabah gets its name from a banana tree called 'Pisang Sabaa', which grows in abundance along its west coast area.
  7. ·Sabah is Malaysia top producer of petroleum and gas, palm oil, rubber and cocoa.
  8. ·The first series for the world famous Survivor TV series(U.S. version), "Survivor: Borneo" was shoot on location at Pulau Tiga, Sabah, Malaysia.
  9. ·The Borneo tropical rainforest is about 130 million years old, making it one of the oldest tropical rainforest in the world.
  10. ·Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre is the first official orangutan sanctuary and rehabilitation centre in the world which is setup in 1964.
  11. ·Sabah has 15 out of the 31 species of Nepenthes found on the island of Borneo. Nepenthes is more commonly known as Tropical Pitcher Plant or Monkey Cup (or Periuk Kera in Malay) is a kind of carnivorous plants in the monotypic family Nepenthaceae.



Sabah Bha